Upper Mustang (Hidden Kingdom) trekUpper Mustang (Hidden Kingdom) trek

Upper Mustang (Hidden Kingdom) trek

based on 3 reviews
Trip Facts
  • Duration16 Days
  • Max. Altitude 4077 m
  • Group Size 2-15
  • Trip Style Tea house
  • Best Season Spring Summer & Autumn


  • Explore the historical significance of Lo Manthang, the walled city & the last forbidden kingdom
  • Immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of the locals of Upper Mustang
  • Enjoy the advantage of trekking in the rain shadow area, allowing you to walk freely without worrying about rainfall disrupting your journey
  • Explore many ancient gompas (monasteries), chortens, prayer flags, and caves along the trail
  • Marvel at the breathtaking panoramic views of the majestic Nilgiri, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and other mountain ranges
  • Enjoy offbeat, less crowded trekking in the Himalayas
  • Witness tans-Himalayan landscapes and explore canyons, sky caves, and narrow alleys
  • Trek in a restricted area in Nepal, cross high mountain passes, and have intimate interactions with the locals


"Visiting Upper Mustang provides a rare opportunity to immerse oneself in a world untouched by modern influences, where ancient traditions, architecture, and a deep sense of spirituality are still cherished. A journey that travels back in time."

The charms of Upper Mustang trekking in Nepal

  • Witness breathtaking mountain views of Annapurna (8,091 m/26,545 ft), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m/26,795 ft), Nilgiri (7,061 m/23,166 ft), Machhapcuhhre (6,993 m/22,943 ft), etc, and desert-like landscapes. Cross numerous mountain passes while enjoying excellent scenery.
  • Visit Namgyal Gompa (3,930 m/12,894 ft), Tingkhar (the last main village in the northwest), and the King's palace while in Lo-Manthang (3,840 m/12,598 ft).
  •  Interact with some of the oldest mountain tribe families in Mustang and get to know their beliefs, myths, and stories.
  • Visit Amchi Museum and Amchi School (traditional medicinal school).
  • Explore Ghar Gompa (3,950 m/12,959 ft), one of the oldest monasteries in the Mustang region. It is believed to be built in the 8th century by the famous Tibetan guru Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche.
  • Come across white-washed houses, narrow alleys, apple orchards, and locals casually riding horses.
  • Visit the Muktinath Temple (3,710 m/12,172 ft), one of the significant pilgrimage sites in the Himalayas of Nepal. A place where devotees are believed to get rid of their sins and acquire salvation.

Upper Mustang trek is an adventurous journey that unveils trans-Himalayan landscapes adorned with vibrant rock formations, dramatic ravines, and majestic snow-capped mountains. Unlike the famous trekking routes in Nepal, the upper Mustang region is very different in many ways. Known as the Last Forbidden Kingdom due to its historical inaccessibility, the upper Mustang, both culturally and geographically, bears a stronger resemblance to Tibet than to the rest of Nepal.

Nestled within the rain shadow of the mighty Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Himalayas, Upper Mustang is officially recognized as one of Nepal's restricted regions. Trekking in this region only began in 1992, and visitor numbers are strictly limited, with an average of fewer than 1,000 travelers visiting each year. The region's geographical and political isolation from mainstream society has played a crucial role in preserving its unique culture, untouched natural elements, and the ancient essence of centuries-old monasteries.

It is one of the lesser-known treks, with a moderate level of difficulty, and takes you through one of the driest regions of Nepal. As you explore Upper Mustang, you'll encounter ancient monasteries, traditional villages, and cave homes nestled high up on the cliffs. Likewise, the trail is dotted with inscribed rocks, long mani walls, chortens, prayer wheels, stupas, and fluttering prayer flags.

This faraway mountainous region of Nepal is located near Tibet. Therefore, the region has a strong Tibetan influence. You'll notice it in the local people, their way of life, and the dry landscape characterized by tall cliffs and rocks with unique shapes and colors. Lo Manthang serves as the capital of the upper Mustang and still has the ruins of the king's palace. Each step on this trek reveals the rich cultural tapestry of the region, where tales of the past come alive and traditions are deeply rooted in the land.

Upper Mustang (Hidden Kingdom) trek Itinerary

  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Meals: Welcome dinner

Our team will pick you up from the international airport and transfer you to the hotel. We will meet you later in our office to prepare for the trek and end the day with a delicious welcome dinner.

  • Duration: 6/7 hours drive
  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast & lunch

Today, we will travel to Pokhara either by a tourist bus or take a short flight. Both options offer fantastic mountain views. Spend the remaining day in Pokhara exploring the Lakeside Market and tranquil Phewa Lake.

  • Altitude: 2,800 m/9,500 ft
  • Duration: 25 minutes flight & 2 hours trek
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

In the morning, we will fly to Jomsom, enjoying the breathtaking mountain scenery. From Jomsom, the trail gradually ascends to Kagbeni village via small settlements. We can see unique rock formations on the way.

  • Altitude: 3,050m/10,006 ft
  • Duration: 6hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

The trail from Kagbeni along the bank of Kali Gandaki offers stunning mountain views of Nilgiri and Tukuche. Following the river, we will trek past beautiful apple orchards and villages like Tangbe and Chhusang before reaching Chele.

  • Altitude: 3,800m/12,467 ft
  • Duration: 6-7hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

This part of the trail is quite demanding. We will trek through the villages of Ghyakar and Samar. Likewise, the mountain views are breathtaking on the way. On the way, we will also pass by Chungsi cave and follow a traditional salt trading route to Syanboche.

  • Altitude: 3,820 m/12,533 ft
  • Duration: 5-6hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

On this day, we will cross Nyi La pass. From Syanboche, the trail gradually ascends to the pass and then descends to Ghami. We will take a lunch break here and continue trekking toward Dakmar for the night stay.

  • Altitude: 3,560m/11,680 ft
  • Duration: 5-6hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

The trail from Drakmar to Tsarang is short. So, we will also take this opportunity and trek to Lo Gekar to visit the Lo-Gekar monastery. The trail ascends to Tsarang La pass (3,870 m), from where we can see outstanding mountain views, and descends to Tsarang village for a night stay.


  • Altitude: 3,810m/12,500 ft
  • Duration: 4-5hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

The trail from Tsarang to Lo Manthang offers a perfect blend of adventure, cultural experience, and stunning scenery. We will cross the Lo La pass (3,960 m) and descend to Lo Manthang following long mani walls.

  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

On this day, we will take an acclimatization break in Lo Manthang village. We will visit ancient monasteries like Champa Lhakhang, Thubchen Gompa, Chode Gompa, Choprang Gompa, Phuwa Gompa, and Namgyal Gompa. There are also sky caves and other interesting things to explore in and around Lo Manthang.

  • Altitude: 3,966 m/13,012 ft
  • Duration: 5-6hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

Today, we will go on a hike to Chosar, where we will explore the Jhong cave. It is one of the famous sky caves, which is 5 stories high built into a cliff. The entrance of the cave is narrow and has more than 40 different rooms inside the cave

  • Altitude: 3,650m/11,975 ft
  • Duration: 5-6hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

The trail from Lo Manthang to Dri to Yara involves a flat, easy path with a few steep ascents and descents. We will cross Lo La pass (3,960 m) and descend to Tsarang village. From here, we'll cross a suspension bridge and trek to Yara via Dhigaon and Surkhang village.

  • Altitude: 3,340m/10,958 ft
  • Duration: 6-7hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

Leaving Yara, we will cross the Dhechyang Khola valley and continue trekking towards Tangya, enjoying stunning views of snow-capped mountains.

  • Altitude: 2,950m/9,678 ft
  • Duration: 7-9hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

Today, we have a long trekking day. Leaving Tangya, the trail ascends to Siyarko Tangk danda. From here, we will trek through Chhomnang and reach Chhusnag for the night stay. The barren landscapes along the way are noteworthy.


  • Altitude:  3,762 m/12,343 ft
  • Duration: 5-6 hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

Following the Kali Gandaki river, we will pass by Tangbe village and whit-washed houses. Further, the trail passes by narrow gullies and crosses many suspension bridges. We will ascend to Gyu La pass and descend to Muktinath via Jharkot village.

  • Altitude: 2,743 m/8,999 ft
  • Duration: 5-6 hours
  • Accommodation: Tea house
  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

We will explore the Muktinath temple in the morning and begin our final day of the trek after a warm breakfast. The trail goes via Lupra village crossing Lubra pass to Jomsom. In Lupra village, we will visit a Bonpo monastery. On the way, the views of Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and Nilgiri mountains are fantastic.


  • Altitude: 1,400 m/4,600 ft
  • Duration: 45 minutes total flight time
  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast & farewell dinner

As the trek comes to an end, we will take two flights from Jomsom to Pokhara to Kathmandu. Both flights will be short and offer wonderful aerial scenery. Upon landing in Kathmandu, the team will drop you at the hotel. The remaining day is free, so take your time to look around and rest.

  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast & farewell dinner

As you have a free day in Kathmandu, you can go on a sightseeing tour around the city. Visit places like Monkey Temple, Boudhanth Stupa, Pashupatinath Temple, and Kathmandu Durbar Square. Explore the local market and do window shopping in Thamel. We will meet you in the late evening for a farewell dinner.

Today, you will fly back to your home. Our team will transfer you to the airport as per your flight departure time. Make sure to be ready on time, and do not forget to pack all your belongings.

What's Included
  • Transportation as described in the program: bus or 4x4.
  • Full board during the trek, trek in lodge (Tea House) except the beverages.
  • Guide experiment English-speaking or (French speaking guide when -required).
  • Assistant guides (Sherpas) mention on group size
  • One porter for 2 people.
  • One day on horse Visit Nurphu and Garphu9 Chhosar Valley)
  • Acap, Fee, TIMS card.
  • 3 nights in the hotel in Kathmandu.
  • Nepali staff insurance.
What's Excluded
  • Lunches and dinners in Kathmandu.
  • Special Permit in Mustang
  • Any expenses caused by reason beyond our control such as roadblocks due to climate or accidents and unforeseen events, etc…
  • Entrance fees Monastery
  • Personal insurance (medical / repatriation of the participants).
  • Personal trekking equipment (sleeping bags, etc.).
  • Airport Tax and tips for the staff during the trek.
  • Bottled water, alcohol, hot shower during the trek.
  • Visa fee.
Essential Info & Equipments

Benefits of trekking with Happy Yeti Adventure

We assure you a safe Upper Mustang trek with us. Solo travelers can join our fixed group departures. Do note that trekking solo in the Upper Mustang is prohibited. You have to be in a group of at least two travelers to join this trek privately.

We have the best upper Mustang trek itinerary that will allow you to acclimatize properly. Likewise, our upper Mustang trek cost is also the fairest in the market, with no hidden costs.

To book the upper Mustang trek 2023/2024 departure, contact us now. Check out some of our other adventurous treks in Nepal- Upper Dolpo trek, Annapurna Circuit with Tilicho Lake trek, Rupina La trek, etc.

Safety and Security

Nepal, as a whole, is considered a safe country to visit. However, it is always recommended to check your home government's website for the most up-to-date information and travel advisories. While theft is uncommon, it can still occur. To minimize the risk, ensure that your valuable belongings are kept out of sight and securely hidden. If needed, you can store your valuables in our office locker while you embark on your trek.

Although unlikely, natural events such as landslides, avalanches, flooding, or earthquakes can occur in mountainous areas. In such cases, it is crucial to follow the instructions provided by your guide, who is experienced in dealing with such situations and ensuring your safety. Similarly, if you feel unwell during your trek, please inform your guide immediately.


Throughout the trek, you will be accommodated in simple yet comfortable tea houses operated by local families in the Mustang region. These lodges offer a cozy and welcoming atmosphere, with a central communal area where a large stove provides warmth. The bedrooms, however, are unheated. They typically have two beds with mattresses, pillows, and a blanket. You have to carry a sleeping bag (a 3-season sleeping bag should suffice) for added comfort.

Most lodges along the trek route have gas-powered showers, allowing you to freshen up after a day of hiking, but you have to pay a few additional bucks for the service. The toilet facilities in the lodges are predominantly sit-down flush toilets, although some may still have squat toilets. The tea houses have paid charging service, and you may get WiFi in some of them too.

In the towns of Lower Mustang, such as Jomsom & Kagbeni, you'll find a wide variety of food options, such as burgers, pasta, steak, sandwich, curries, chapati, thukpa, thenduk, Tibetan bread, etc due to the influx of trekkers. The menus at teahouses in these areas are more extensive compared to the ones in remote regions.

As you venture into Upper Mustang, you'll notice that the menu reflects Tibetan culture, offering a selection of Western and Nepali dishes alongside traditional Tibetan cuisine. Teahouses in this region also provide a range of beverages, including tea, soft drinks, coffee, hot chocolate, and alcoholic beverages.

Difficulty & best time to trek to Upper Mustang

The Upper Mustang trek is considered challenging due to the high altitude and dry atmosphere. Like any trek in the Nepal Himalayas, there will be ups and downs that test your endurance. You'll encounter high mountain passes to conquer and steep descents to navigate. You will follow a well-established and clearly defined path.

At certain points, the landscape can resemble a sandy desert, while in other sections, it becomes rocky. You won't need crampons or any technical equipment or skills for this trek, as it is purely a hiking experience.

As Upper Mustang lies within the Himalayan monsoon shadow, the region can be visited for most of the year, except mid-winter when the weather can be harsh. To have the best Upper Mustang trek experience, we advise you to plan your trip between March and late November when the weather is more favorable and allows for a pleasant trekking experience.

Gear and Equipment

  • Trekking gear: Down jacket, Trekking shirts, Trekking pants (breathable, wind and waterproof), Hiking shorts (breathable, wind and waterproof), Thermal trousers, Full sleeve shirt (woolen and cotton), Bandana or head scarf, Regular underwear, Woolen hat & Sun hat, Gloves, Trekking boots (water proof), Socks (Woolen & Cotton), Sandals, Sunglasses with UV protection, Small day-pack & Medium rucksack, Large duffel bag, Padlocks for duffel bag, Trekking poles, Sleeping bag, and Headlamp
  • Miscellaneous: Personal medical kit, Water purification tablets, Earplugs, Sewing-repair kit, Camera, Power bank ( or solar charger optional), Knife, Water bottle, Quick drying towel, Toothbrush/paste, Multi-purpose soap, Nail clippers, Face and body moisturizer, Sunscreen, Reading book, Notebook & pen, Trek route map, Tissue/toilet roll, Anti-bacterial hand wash, bars, snacks, etc



What is the Upper Mustang trek about?

Upper Mustang is an old Buddhist kingdom in Nepal that was long prohibited to enter. The region falls under the rain shadow area, so you can trek here in the monsoon season as well. The trek offers deep insight into the Tibetan Buddhist community of the Upper Mustang and allows you to explore some centuries-old monasteries.

Why is Upper Mustang expensive?

Upper Mustang is a restricted area in Nepal, so the permit is very expensive. The limited tea houses along the trail and the region's inaccessibility from the rest of the country make everything expensive, which makes the overall trek pricey too.

Do I need a guide for Upper Mustang?

Yes, you need a guide for the upper Mustang trek. You cannot do this trek without a guide, as it is mandatory to have one. Likewise, you also have to trek with a local company like ours in a group of at least two trekkers.

Why is Upper Mustang restricted?

The upper Mustang is bordered by Tibet. To maintain border security, preserve the rich cultural heritage of the locals, and protect the undiscovered sky caves & minerals found in the region, upper Mustang has made a restricted area where foreigners can only travel under supervision.

Is there snowfall in Upper Mustang?

Yes, the upper Mustang receives heavy snowfall during the winter seasons (December to February). The temperature goes below -25°C to -20°C at night. Many locals also drop down to lower elevations to spend the winter.

How much does it cost to do the Mustang trek in Nepal?

The upper Mustang trek cost can range from USD 2500 to USD 3500 or more as per the itinerary and services included in the package. The restricted area permit cost USD 500 per person for the first 10 days and then USD 50 per person each day after that.

How do I get my Upper Mustang permit?

You can only get the upper Mustang trek permit with the help of a local trekking company like us. It means you have to join an organized trek to visit the upper Mustang. You cannot get an upper Mustang trek permit by yourself or with the help of an independent guide.

What is the highest point of Upper Mustang trekking?

The highest point of the upper Mustang trek is Nyi La pass at 4,010 meters (13,156 ft). Likewise, Lo Manthang is situated at 3,840 meters (12,598 ft) above sea level.

How far is Mustang from Kathmandu?

From Kathmandu, Mustang is approximately 462 kilometers (27 miles). The trek begins from the town of Jomsom that you can reach by a short flight from Pokhara. Likewise, to travel to Pokhara from Kathmandu, you have two options- either drive or take a short flight.

What is the climate in Mustang?

Upper Mustang has a dry and windy climate. The vegetation is sparse and mostly bushes. You will see ravines, canyons, and sand fields. It is mostly rocky and barren.

Client Reviews

    Suite à un premier trek en 2017 dans la Tsum Valley avec des amis qui connaissaient déjà Happy Yeti Adventure et un retour plus qu'enchanté de ce voyage avec cette équipe. J’ai par la suite déjà renouvelé par deux fois l’expérience avec un trek en 2019 sur le tour du Manaslu et en 2022 au Mustang avec des amis.
    Les équipes de Dhané sont au top et l’organisation impeccable.
    Je recommande vivement cette agence

    Dominique V
    Dominique V, FranceSeptember 01, 2023
    Posted onTripAdvisor
  • Trek au Mustang

    J'ai fait un trek au Mustang été 2022 avec Happy Yeti Adventure
    J'en suis rentré enchanté, super trek, très bon guide et porteurs, parlant très bien français.
    Très bonne organisation, de la réception à l'aéroport au déroulement du circuit . Toute l'équipe Happy Yeti fait le maximum pour répondre à nos attentes et nous faire passer un séjour magique au Népal.
    J'espère pouvoir retourner au Népal, et avec cette équipe

    Ludovic D, FranceOctober 11, 2022
    Posted onTripAdvisor